Shungite is a rare black stone composed of 99 percent carbon that is found in Shunga, a town in Karelia, Russia.
The stone has a one-of-a-kind composition. It includes fullerenes, which are three-dimensional spherical molecules made up of 60 carbon atoms. These molecules are hollow and are sometimes referred to as buckyballs. Shungite contains virtually all of the minerals in the periodic table, in addition to fullerenes.
The origin of shungite is unknown. Carbon-based products are derived from decaying organic resources such as ancient forests. The stone, however, is estimated to be at least 2 billion years old. This is prior to the emergence of biological life on the earth.
Some ideas on the origins of shungite include a huge meteorite struck with Earth, depositing shungite; shungite developed as a result of microorganisms in surrounding water; the composition of organic materials in sedimentary rocks altered through time.
Although scientists are uncertain of how or where shungite originated, they ascribe the stone's potential advantages to its fullerene concentration.